This paper presents the results of a survey inquiry into professional identity, roles (current and expected), views on faculty status and tenure and personnel status of academic librarians in the New England area. Forty-five percent of the participants have some combination of faculty status, tenure status, and faculty plus tenure status. Their professional identities are closely matched with their primary roles and responsibilities. Librarians’ current and expected roles are expanding. Four new and emerging roles of ‘educator,’ ‘teacher,’ ‘information professional,’ and ‘facilitator of learning’ revealed significant differences across personnel status. While all academic librarians perceive strong professional development support, only those librarians with faculty status and tenure or tenure status only and professional identity associated with new and emerging areas see more career advancement and development opportunities.